Foundation Research


The mission of the Foundation Research is to support the Phoenix Institute of Herbal Medicine & Acupuncture and all its programs through research, library resources, international outreach, non-profit clinics, scholarships and fellowships.


The Foundation for PIHMA Research & Education was incorporated in Phoenix on February 23, 2001. The nonprofit was intended to provide support and funding for scholarships, research, library, medical clinics, education and charitable assistance to the general public. Designed as a nonprofit partner to the Phoenix Institute of Herbal Medicine & Acupuncture (PIHMA) which was established in 1996, the Foundation received federal tax exempt status as a 501(c)(3) on January 22, 2004, and was later confirmed as a public charity on May 2, 2006.  Together, with PIHMA, the Foundation seeks to bring greater awareness of and support in Asian and traditional medicines to the public.

Since that time, the Foundation formed the National Library of Traditional Medicine (www.nloftm.org) to house and manage collections from several colleges, including PIHMA and the American Medical College of Homeopathy (AMCH).

Most recently, the Foundation expanded its research capabilities with the assumption of the nonprofit Institutional Research Board (IRB) in homeopathy and the Non-Governmental Organization(NGO) of AMCH (which was acquired by PIHMA in 2015). The IRB and NGO were since expanded to include acupuncture research and activities. The Foundation conducts research in acupuncture, homeopathy and for other projects.

The Foundation’s activities are managed by the Board of Directors, led by Dominick Grillas, and includes Dan Bedgood, L.Ac, Todd Rowe, Paul Sugar, and Cristina Whitehawk.  Fundraising events include the Celebrity Chef Fundraiser, and the Author’s Series at the National Library of Traditional Medicine.


Early Interactions between the Hellenistic and Greco‑Roman World and the Chinese: The Ancient Afro‑Eurasian Routes in Medicine and the Transmission of Disease

Ioannis Solos
Foundation for PIHMA Research and Education, Phoenix 85012, Arizona, USA

The Earliest Chinese Tongue Diagnosis Manual Published in Europe

Ioannis S, Maria H, Hong M, Liang Y. Boym’s “De Indiciis Morborum ex Linguae Coloribus et Affectionibus”: The Earliest Chinese Tongue Diagnosis Manual Published in Europe, Identification of Original Chinese Text, Peculiarities of Printed Edition and Its Impact on European Medicine [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jan 4]. Chin J Integr Med. 2020;10.1007/s11655-019-3227-z. doi:10.1007/s11655-019-3227-z

RIGHT for Acupuncture: An Extension of the RIGHT Statement for Clinical Practice Guidelines on Acupuncture

Chunzhi Tang PhD , Yuting Duan PhD , Yu Zhang PhD , Yuqing Zhang PhD , Ze Chen MM , Xiaorong Tang PhD , Jingchun Zeng PhD , David Riley PhD , Myeong Soo Lee PhD , Yong-Suk Kim PhD , Hong Zhao PhD , Gaetano Marrone PhD , Xiaoshu Zhu PhD , Shuqi Ge PhD , Hao Wen PhD , Weixuan Zhao PhD , Xiaoyan Zheng PhD , Ioannis Solos PhD , Yaolong Chen PhD , Gordon Guyatt PhD , Liming Lu PhD , Nenggui Xu PhD , for the RIGHT (Reporting Items for Practice Guidelines in Healthcare) for Acupuncture Working Group, RIGHT for Acupuncture: An Extension of the RIGHT Statement for Clin[1]ical Practice Guidelines on Acupuncture, Journal of Clinical Epidemiology (2021), doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2021.05.021

Traditional Medicine Diagnostic Codes in ICD-11 and Alternative Diagnostic Classifications in the Mainstream Healthcare

Ioannis Solos, William Morris, Jian-Ping Zhu, Mei Hong
Foundation for PIHMA Research and Education, Phoenix 85012, Arizona, USA,
AOMA Graduate School of Integrative Medicine, Austin 78745,Texas, USA,
Institute for History of Medicine and Medical Literature, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China

Student Research

Sample Publications

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome By Maurice Wells: Doctoral Student

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS) is a descriptive diagnosis of long term anterior knee pain that is not constant and varies in intensity with activity. PFPS is both the most diagnosed condition and the most common presentation of knee pain.